Demining machines are generally used in four roles (GICHD Handbook)
- Destroy mines
- Prepare ground (and destroy mines but not in all cases)
- Confirm the presence of mines
- Act as a platform for another tool or application.
Some demining machines can serve several purposes at the same time. For example, if a ground engaging tool is used like a flail during demining operations it may destroy mines, remove vegetation and loosen soil. And if its prime mover was fitted with a magnet it could also remove metal debris and collect information on the mine and ERW contamination.
Ground Preparation Machine
The primary aim of the employment of mechanical ground preparation systems is to increase the productivity and safety of mine clearance operations for other mine clearance assets. Ground preparation systems prepare areas of ground for further clearance operations by:
- The removal of all minor vegetation to ground level.
- The destruction of the majority of tripwires.
- Breaking the crust of the ground.
- Ground Preparation Machines do not clear ground to be free of mines/UXO’s to humanitarian standards and must always be followed up by further clearances resources.
- Ground Preparation Machines may sometimes be useful as a mine field survey tool, to confirm whether suspected areas are mined or not. This application is limited from low to medium risk areas and in areas where mines area laid randomly.
Every mission requires different tool, we are holding in our W/H and in running projects variety of demining machines according to ground type, shape etc.
In some areas, a flail machine will do the best and in others a tiller – as like in some cases it will not be possible to operate any machine